Jerusalem was called “Jebus” (Joshua 18:28) prior to this and referred to its inhabitants at the time, as the Jebusites. These people were a Canaanite tribe ( from Ham and Canaan – Genesis 10:15-18)
The first mention in the Bible of the full name “Jerusalem” is in Joshua 10 where a Canaanite (Jebusite) king named “Adoni-Zedek” rules the city and, upon hearing of Joshua’s conquests, leads an attack against him. Joshua defeats him and his fellow kings with the help of Jehovah and Jerusalem is eventually given to the tribe of Benjamin ( Joshua 15:8, 18:28) c. 1405 B.C.
It is worth noting the following verse as it sets us up for the next “era” :
|Moses Appoints Joshua: Henry Davenport Northrop|
“As for the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.” Joshua 15:63
The next article here: Era 3 - King David and King Solomon